Variables can be modified by filters. Filters are separated from the variable by a pipe symbol (|). Multiple filters can be chained. The output of one filter is applied to the next.

The following example removes all HTML tags from the name and title-cases it:

{{ name | striptags | title }}

Filters that accept arguments have parentheses around the arguments. This example joins the elements of a list by commas:

{{ list | join(', ') }}

To apply a filter on a section of code, wrap it with the apply tag:

{% apply upper %}
  This text becomes uppercase
{% endapply %}

Go to the filters page to learn more about the available filters.


Functions can be called to generate content. Functions are called by their name followed by parentheses (()) and may have arguments.

For instance, the range function returns a list containing an arithmetic progression of integers:

{% for i in range(0, 3) %}
  {{ i }},
{% endfor %}

Go to the functions page to learn more about the available functions.

Named arguments

{% for i in range(low = 1, high = 10, step = 2) %}
  {{ i }},
{% endfor %}

Using named arguments makes your templates more explicit about the meaning of the values you pass as arguments:

{{ data | convert_encoding('UTF-8', 'iso-2022-jp') }}

{# versus #}

{{ data | convert_encoding(from = 'iso-2022-jp', to = 'UTF-8') }}

Named arguments also allow you to skip some arguments for which you don’t want to change the default value:

{# the first argument is the date format, which defaults to the global date format if null is passed #}
{{ 'now' | date(null, 'Europe/Paris') }}

{# or skip the format value by using a named argument for the time zone #}
{{ 'now' | date(timezone = 'Europe/Paris') }}

You can also use both positional and named arguments in one call, in which case positional arguments must always come before named arguments:

{{ 'now' | date('d/m/Y H:i', timezone = 'Europe/Paris') }}

Each function and filter documentation page has a section where the names of all arguments are listed when supported.

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